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sample research paper format

The thesis statement comes at the end of you introduction paragraph, but its location in the essay is not why you should develop the thesis first. In fact, after you have written the thesis, you might choose to move on and write your body paragraphs, saving the rest of the introduction for the end. The thesis should be one of your first essay-writing steps. While coming up with a strong thesis can be difficult, it is not always the hardest part.

Summarizing main points is just one part of the conclusion. Make sure to slightly reword your thesis and main points- it will be very obvious if you just copy and paste from earlier in the paper! There is a slightly better answer. Your reader should leave your paper knowing exactly what point you made and why it is important or legitimate.

sample research paper format

A conclusion should include a connection to the bigger picture- even if your essay was about Snickers candy bars, use the conclusion to tell the reader why your topic matters to them. Your conclusion should rephrase your thesis, summarize your main points, and leave your reader thinking about your topic, possibly in a new way. A conclusion is the last part of your paper the audience will read, so make it good!

To write a research paper, start by researching your topic at the library, online, or using an academic database. Then, come up with a sentence thesis to base your paper off of. Include the information you found through your research in your paper to back up your thesis statement.

For more help writing a research paper, like how to organize it, read the article! This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.

Together, they cited information from 6 references. Featured Articles Research Papers. Learn more. Learn more Ask yourself important questions. Although you may be limited by specific classroom or work related guidelines, choosing your topic is the first and most important step in your research paper project. Regardless of whether your topic can be anything you want or has rigid requirements, it is important to keep a few questions in mind: Is there enough research available on this topic?

Is the topic new and unique enough that I can offer fresh opinions? Pick something you love. Whenever possible, choose a topic that you feel passionate about. Writing about something you enjoy certainly shows in the final product, making it more likely that you will be successful writing a paper about something you enjoy.

Stay original. If you are writing a research paper for a class, consider the other students. Is it likely that they will also be writing about your topic? How can you keep your paper unique and interesting if everyone is writing about the same thing? Get advice. Asking a professor for help may seem frightening, but if they are worth anything as a professor, they want you to be successful with your work, and will do what they can to make that happen.

Although it requires a bit more time, you have the ability to change your topic even after you begin researching others. Part 1 Quiz What is the most important element to consider when choosing a research topic? If you are passionate about the subject. If there is enough information about the topic. If the topic has never been written about before.

If the topic is persuasive. Begin your research. With a topic selected, the next step is to begin research. Research comes in numerous forms including web pages, journal articles, books, encyclopedias, interviews, and blog posts, among others. Take time to look for professional resources who offer valid research and insight into your topic.

Try to use a minimum of five sources to vary your information; never rely on only sources. Look for empirical research. Whenever possible, look for peer-reviewed empirical research. These are articles or books written by experts in your field of interest, whose work has been read and vouched for by other experts in the same field.

These can be found in scientific journals or via an online search. Visit the library. Take a trip to your local library or university essay review service. Although it may seem old fashioned, libraries are chock full of helpful research materials from books to newspapers and magazines to journals.

Look online. Typically, websites that end with. That is because these websites belong to schools, the government, or organizations dealing with your topic.

sample research paper format

Try adding site: You can also add PDF alongside that format. Try changing your search query often to find different search results for your topic. Use academic databases. There are special search engines and academic databases available that search through thousands of peer-reviewed or scientifically published journals, magazines, and books. Look for databases that cover your subject only.

For example, PsycINFO is an academic database that holds nothing but works done by authors in the field of psychology and sociology. This will help you to get more tailored results than a very general search would. Take advantage of this ability to ask for specific information by using as many of the query boxes as you can. Visit your school library and ask the librarian for a full chocolate research paper of the academic databases they subscribe to, as well as the passwords for each.

Get thesis custom category page with your research. This should contain many more books and journals that are about your topic as well.

Part 2 Quiz What would be the best resource to use for a paper on tetanus? A peer-reviewed article by a doctor. A video of what tetanus looks like. A blog written by a tetanus survivor. A dictionary definition of tetanus. Annotate your research. This step is very important: Make marks on anything that you think might be remotely important or that could be put to use in your paper. As you mark off important pieces in the research, add your own commentary and notes explaining to yourself where you might use it in your paper.

Format for a Research Paper

Writing down your ideas as you have them will make writing your paper much easier and give you something to refer back to. Organize your notes. Annotating your research can take quite a bit of time, but needs to be taken one step further in order to add a bit more clarity for the outlining process. Organize your notes by collecting all of your highlighted phrases and ideas into categories based on topic.

For example, if you are writing a paper analyzing a famous work of literature, you could organize your research into a list of notes on the characters, a list of references to certain points in the plot, a list of symbols the author presents, et cetera.

Try writing each quote or item that you marked onto an individual note card. That way, you can rearrange and lay out your cards however you would like. Color code your notes to make it easier. Write down a list of all the notes you are using from each individual resource, and then highlight each category of information in a different color. For example, write everything from a particular book or journal on a single sheet of paper in order to consolidate the notes, and then everything that is related to characters highlight in green, everything related to the plot mark in orange, et cetera.

As you go through your notes, mark down the author, page number, title, and publishing information for each resource. This will come in handy when you craft your bibliography or works cited page later in the game. Identify the goal of the paper. Generally, speaking, there are two types of research paper: Each requires a slightly different focus and writing style which should be identified prior to starting a rough draft.

Get essay writing argumentative research paper takes a position on a contentious issue and argues for one point of view. The issue should be debatable with a logical counter argument. An analytic research paper offers a fresh look at an important issue. The subject may not be controversial, but you must attempt to persuade your audience that your ideas have merit.

This is not simply a regurgitation of ideas from your research, but an offering of your own unique ideas based on what you have learned through research. Determine your audience. Who would be reading this paper, should it be published?

Although you want to write for your thesis or dissertation difference uk or other superior, it is important that the tone and focus of your paper reflect the audience who will be reading it. Develop your thesis. The thesis statement is a sentence statement at the beginning of your paper that states the main goal or argument of your paper.

Although you can alter the wording of your thesis statement for the final draft later, coming up with the main goal of your essay must be done in the beginning. All of your body paragraphs and information will revolve around your thesis, so make sure that you are clear on what your thesis is.

What is the primary question or hypothesis that you are going to go about proving in your paper? Your thesis should express the main idea of your paper without listing all of your reasons or outline your entire paper.

Determine dissertation proposal harvard main points. The body of your essay will revolve around the ideas that you judge to be most important. Go through your research and annotations to determine what points are the most pivotal in your argument or presentation of information. What ideas can you write whole paragraphs about? Which ideas to you have plenty of firm facts and research to back with evidence?

Write your main points down on paper, and then organize the related research under each. When you outline your main ideas, putting them in a specific order is important. Place your strongest points at the beginning and end of your essay, with more mediocre points placed in the middle or near the end of your essay. Main ideas can be spread out over as many paragraphs as you deem necessary. Consider formatting guidelines. Depending on your paper rubric, class guidelines, or formatting guidelines, you may have to organize your paper in a specific way.

For example, when writing in APA format you must organize your paper by headings including the introduction, methods, results, and discussion. These guidelines will alter the way you craft your outline and final paper. Finalize your outline.

With the aforementioned tips taken into consideration, organize your entire outline. Justify main points to the left, and indent subsections and notes from your research below each. The outline should be an overview of thesis editor entire paper in bullet points. Part 3 Quiz What is the most important reason to come up with a thesis statement early in your writing process?

So you can organize your essay to prove your uc berkeley personal statement. The thesis statement comes first in your essay. You might have to submit your thesis statement to your professor before the entire essay. The thesis statement is the most difficult part of the essay. Write your body paragraphs. Although it may seem counter-intuitive, writing your introduction first may be more difficult to accomplish than starting with the meat of your paper.

Starting by writing the main points focusing on supporting your thesis allows you to slightly change and manipulate your ideas and commentary. Support every statement you make with evidence. Supply ample explanations for your research. The list contains the same running head as the main text. The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Citedan inch from the top of the page fig.

If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin. This format is sometimes called hanging indentionand you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a article of science of paragraphs.

Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list. Continue it on as many pages as necessary. Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate.

A table is usually labeled Tablegiven an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters. Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.

Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig. If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary.

Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex. Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no. Use a high-quality printer. Proofread and correct your research paper carefully before submitting it. If you are checking a printout and find a mistake, reopen the document, make the appropriate revisions, and reprint the corrected page or pages. Be sure to save the changed file. Spelling checkers and usage checkers are helpful when used with caution. They do not find all errors and sometimes label correct material as erroneous.

Do not use the margins or write a change below the line it affects. If corrections on any page are numerous or substantial, revise your document and reprint the page.

Pages of a printed research paper may get misplaced or lost if they are left unattached or merely folded down at a corner. Many prefer that a paper be secured with a simple paper or binder clip, which can be easily removed and restored. Others prefer the use of staples. There are at present no commonly accepted standards for the electronic submission of research papers.

If you are asked to submit your paper electronically, obtain from your teacher guidelines for formatting, mode of submission e.

If your instructor has specific requirements for the format of sample research paper format research paper, check them before preparing your final draft.

sample research paper format

When you submit your paper, be sure to keep a secure copy. Except for the running head see belowleave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text.

sample research paper format

Always sample research paper format an easily readable typeface Times New Roman is just one example in which the regular type style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to a standard size, such as 12 points. Do not justify the lines of text at the right margin; turn off any automatic hyphenation feature in your writing program.

Double-space the entire research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited.

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Sample research paper format