Begin by writing a first draft, taking time away from your work, and then revisiting it a day or two later. Consider taking this draft to the Writing Center to have a second pair of eyes examine it, as it is very common for writers to fail to recognize their own errors. Before submitting, make certain you have completed the following checklist: As Hjortshoj notes in The Transition to College Writing"In general, teachers view the typical student paper to be comparable to a rough draft that needs further thought, development, revision, and editing" Most teachers stress the revision stage as one of the most important stages in the research paper writing process.
Provide yourself ample time to properly and thoroughly review and edit your paper. Consider making an appointment to take your paper to the Writing Center.
A consultant can advise you on the clarity and overall strength of your paper, along with other integral shortcomings. The Process of Writing An English Research Paper printable version here One of the most important steps in the process of writing a research paper for the English discipline is choosing an interesting, engaging topic.
Your choice of topic will influence both the effort you invest in your research and the degree to which you enjoy the process. Choose a topic you find challenging and interesting.
Be aware of how much research is available on your topic of choice. Although sat essay formula is important to offer readers a new interpretation or perspective of the work under investigation, you need not be deterred if your area of focus is widely discussed.
It is useful to learn how to incorporate the insights and ideas of other scholars within your own personal findings. Before narrowing your focus to a specific claim or interpretation, conduct research in order to gain an understanding of what other individuals have said about the topic.
Most students find it useful to examine a wide range of sources before deciding on a specific area of focus. Select a topic you feel equipped to handle. Avoid topics that are: Seeking Instructor Guidance Before beginning in-depth research, consult your instructor. Conducting Research This is perhaps the most important step in the research paper writing process.
As you examine each source, record important or unique notions which you may wish to incorporate within your paper.
Make certain to outline the general arguments of each source by including a descriptive heading after the citation.
This will aid you in more quickly and easily distinguishing between sources in the future. Additionally, it may be useful to group sources into categories based on more refined topics. In order to diminish the risk of plagiarizing, do NOT directly lift phrasing or entire segments of the text from sources without properly indicating that you have done so. If you find it necessary to directly quote an author, clearly indicate what has been copied from the author and record the page number on which this information can be found.
Remain critical of your sources: Do not assume that an idea or dissertation about facebook is valid, because it appears in the argument of a single critic or even multiple critics.
It is important to remain critical of your sources and their interpretations. Additionally, it is not necessary to exclude a source with whom you disagree. Recognizing and reflecting on claims in opposition to your own both strengthens and substantiates your own interpretation.
There are a wide range of potential sources available to researchers, but not all sources are created equal. In order to ensure your sources are of a high quality, seek sources from respected academic journals and books. It is possible to find valid sources outside of these parameters, however, you should primarily focus on using these resources.
The Research References section at the bottom of the page contains links to helpful databases. Creating a Tentative Thesis After rereading your notes and reflecting on the topic, formulate a tentative one-sentence thesis. Organizing Research Analyze, synthesize, and organize research according to your outline. Writing Your Research Paper Once you have created a comprehensive outline and organized your research, it is time to begin writing your research paper.
Is your thesis clear and precise? Does your argument flow logically from one point to the next? Does each new paragraph begin with a topic sentence which links it logically with the preceding paragraph?
Are general personal statement your sources clearly cited? Is source information included within your text on the page numbers you have cited? Are all your outside sources ethically cited? The experiment: Say you have just conducted the Milgram Study. Now you want to write the research paper for it. Milgram actually waited two years before writing about his study. This article is not written by Stanley Milgram, but is intended as an example of a psychology research paper that someone might have written after conducting the first Milgram-study.
Normally you would use double spacing in the paper. Most theories suggest that only very disturbed people are capable of administering pain to an ordinary citizen if they are ordered to do so.
The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness. The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.
Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others. The author wanted to test this claim. Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?
Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions? The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so. The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order. Participants There were 30 male participants. Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room.
The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in volt increments all the way up to volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were. Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment.
The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor "learner" every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner.
The learner would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition.
Once the volt level had been reached, dissertation descriptive statistics learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released.
Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue. Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks. All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to volts.
Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter. Many continued to follow orders throughout even though they were clearly uncomfortable. The study shows that people are able to harm others intentionally if ordered to do so.
It provides evidence that this dynamic is far more important than previously believed, and that personal ethics are less predictive of such behavior. Page A short summary of the article. Current theories about the topic. What method used.
Show less When studying english research paper higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers. A research paper can be used for exploring and identifying scientific, technical and social issues.
Writing a research paper involves four main stages: Also, try to avoid plagiarism.