If you are not a native English speaker, it may be useful to ask your English friends to read a part of your thesis and warn you about any recurring writing mistakes.
Read our section on English language support for more advice. Most universities have writing centres that offer writing courses and other kinds of support for postgraduate students. Attending these courses may help you improve your writing and meet other postgraduate students with whom you will be able to discuss what constitutes a well-written thesis.
Reading academic articles and searching for various writing resources on the internet will enable you to slowly adopt the academic style of writing and eventually you should be able to use it effortlessly. Another useful tool for doing this effectively is to learn how to use specific reference management software RMS such as EndNote. RMS is relatively simple to use and saves a lot of time when it comes to organising your bibliography.
This mlk research papers come in very handy, especially if your reference section is suspiciously missing two hours before you need to submit your dissertation!
Plagiarism may cost you your postgraduate degree, and it is important that you investigate how to avoid it before you start writing your thesis. Whenever you are presenting some information that is not your own idea in your thesis, make sure you mention the source and avoid writing the statement exactly as it is written in the source. Look at our section on Plagiarism for more information and advice. Different universities have different guidelines on how to format your thesis, and it is important that you read these guidelines before submitting your thesis to avoid being penalised.
One of the most common errors in academic writing is to cite papers in the text that do not then appear in the bibliography. All references in your thesis need to be cross-checked with the bibliography before submission. Using a database during your research can save a great deal of time in the writing-up process. Helpful software includes EndNote or Paperpile.
Managing your bibliography from day one may seem obsessive but it will save you a great deal of time and stress by the end of the PhD process. Use a house style.
Professional publications such as Times Higher Education use a house style guide to ensure consistency in spelling. For example, do not use both -ise spellings and -ize spellings, stick to British spelling and be consistent when referring to organisations or bodies. Because dictionaries vary in their use of hyphenation, use one dictionary and stick to it throughout the writing process.
If you consult the New Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editorsyou will note the extraordinary number of words with alternative spellings. It can also be a very useful guide to preferred spellings, use of italicisation and foreign phrases. Take care when quoting from other sources.
Ensure you note whether the italic emphasis is in the original and take careful notes when you are collecting quotes for your thesis. Transcribe them accurately to save work later and keep original spellings even if they differ from your chosen style to ensure fidelity help with math homework online your source.
Think about plagiarism. If you are quoting from works, quote from them accurately and paraphrase where necessary for your argument. This is where careful note-taking and use of references is invaluable and will help you to avoid even inadvertently plagiarising another work. Remember that your thesis is your chance to present your work in the best possible light. Consider your opening paragraphs, entice your reader with your writing and above all be clear about your hypothesis and your conclusion.
Append material where it adds value but not where it merely bulks out your work.
Consider your reader at all times. This is your chance to showcase your work. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus: Subscribe Or subscribe for unlimited access to: Read more about. One supervisor told his student that a PhD was about pages long so he wrote pages.
Unfortunately the supervisor had meant double-spaced, and the student had written single-spaced. Getting rid of 40, extra undergraduate personal statement with two weeks to go is not recommended. But your most important work will come later. Think of your PhD as an apprenticeship. Your peers are unlikely to read your thesis and judge you on it.
They are more likely to read any papers articles, chapters, books that result from it. It allows you to make checklists too so you know that all of your important stuff is listed and to-hand, meaning you can focus on one thing at a time. On the contrary, actively draw attention to them; identify them in your conclusion as areas for further investigation. Repeatedly reprinting and editing draft thesis chapters has two very helpful functions.
Firstly, it takes your work off the screen and onto paper, which is usually easier to proof.
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