Place each excerpt into a themed pile. Make sure each note goes into a pile. When you finish, place each stack of critical thinking application paper 2009 into an envelope labeled with the name of the theme. Step Five: Create Your Conceptual Schema Type, in large font, the name of each of your coded themes. Print this out, and cut the titles into individual slips of paper.
Take the slips of paper to a table or large workspace and figure out the best way to organize them. Are there ideas that go together or that are in dialogue with each other? Are there ideas that contradict each other? Move around the slips of paper until you come up with a way of organizing the codes that makes sense.
Write the conceptual schema down before you forget or someone cleans up your slips of paper! Step Six: You can begin anywhere, because you already know the order. Find the envelope with the excerpts in them and lay them on the table in front of you. Figure out a mini-conceptual schema based on that theme by grouping together those excerpts that say the same thing.
Use that mini-conceptual schema to write up your literature review based on the excerpts that you have in front of you. Repeat this for each section of your literature review. Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. The great thing about this process is online homework answers it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: It may be more challenging for M.
It is always hard to figure out how much you need to read for deep meaning, and how much you just need to know what others have said.
That balance will depend on how much you already know. For faculty writing literature reviews for articles or books, this system also could work, especially when you are writing in a field with which you are already familiar. The mere fact of having a system can make the literature review seem much less daunting, so I recommend this system for anyone who feels overwhelmed by the prospect of writing a literature review.
Posted by Tanya Golash-Boza at 6: ContinualKnowledge October 10, at 6: Tanya Golash-Boza October 14, at Pete November 27, at 5: Mai March 1, at Yusuf Danboko March 24, at 1: Olusola Uvt master thesis March 27, at 2: Guillermo Irizarry August 15, at 8: Tord August 30, at 1: Anonymous September 4, at 7: Anonymous September 13, at Anonymous September 14, at 5: Anonymous October 18, at 1: Tanya Golash-Boza October 18, at 5: Literature reviews - Example 1.
Example of literature reviews from Helen M. First paragraph: Stated overall objective of thesis. Defined introduced term.
Provided broad motivation for interest in the area. Introduced the sections of the thesis which would address overall objective. Next four paragraphs described the contents and purpose of each section of the thesis. Literature Review of Relevant Research The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made. Establishes research territory. Establishes significance of territory.
Motivates next part of literature review. Further justifies the need to investigate the impact of social influences on memory. Repeats 6 for another sub-topic. Theoretical Explanations of Memory Conformity 1. Establishes a reason for this chapter and states the purpose. Discusses methodological issues in achieving aim.
Introduces another question of interest and reviews what has been found so far. Relevance to thesis is made clear. Study 3: Write a literature review. Print Page Report a broken link. Basics of Literature Reviews A literature review is a written approach to examining published information on a particular topic or field.
However, there are some actions to keep in mind when constructing your review: Include an introduction and conclusion. Even if the literature review will be part of a longer document, these paragraphs can act as bookends to your material. Provide background information for your reader, such as including references to the pioneers in the field in the beginning and offering closure in the end by discussing the implications of future research to the field.
Avoid direct quotations. Just like in an annotated bibliography, you will want to paraphrase all of the material you present in a literature review. This assignment is a chance for you to demonstrate your knowledge on a topic, and putting ideas into your own words will ensure that you are interpreting the found material for your reader.
Paraphrasing will also ensure your review of literature is in your authorial voice. Organize by topic or theme rather than by author. When compiling multiple sources, our tendency as writers can be to summarize each source and then compare and contrast the sources at the end. Instead, organize your sources by your identified themes and patterns. This organization helps demonstrate your synthesis of the material and inhibits you from creating a series of book reports.
Use headings. APA encourages the use of headings within longer pieces of text to display a shift in topic and create a cheap writers break for the reader.
Headings in a literature review can also help you as the writer organize your material by theme and note any layers, or subtopics, within the field. Use comparative terms.
A literature review can be lengthy and dense, so you will want to make your text appealing to your reader. Transitions and comparison terms will allow you to demonstrate where authors agree or disagree on a topic and highlight your interpretation of the literature.
Synthesizing your sources In order to demonstrate your knowledge on a field through a review of literature, the key component is synthesis. Commentary v.
Subject Specialists in your discipline or area of study are available for additional help on literature reviews. A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, doctoral literature review, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.
Research tells a story and the existing literature helps us identify where we are in the story currently. It is up to those writing a dissertation to continue that story with new research and new perspectives doctoral literature review they must first be familiar with the story before they can move forward.
Greenfield, T. Research methods for postgraduates. Ask a Librarian.