The Proper Use of Et Al. Rising Citation Trick. Citing Resources. How to Cite Part of a Work. For a chapter in an e-book, include the chapter title and page numbers if available. Title of book. Title of chapter. Editor Ed. Books and Book Chapters: What to Cite. What Belongs in the Reference List? Although the Publication Manual 6th ed. Title of video [Video file]. Screen name.
A digital object identifier DOI is a unique string of letters, numbers, and symbols assigned to a published work to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet.
The DOI is typically located on the first page of an electronic document near the copyright notice and on the database landing page for the document.
When DOIs are available, include them in the reference information. Title of article. Journal Title, Xxxx—xxx. A DOI Primer. How to Find a DOI. Do not indent. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, master thesis purchasing conclusions.
You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab n. Title of resource. Retrieved from http: Paiz, J. General format. Scholastic Library Publishing. Harlow, H. Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55 Henry, W.
Time, Kalette, D. California town counts town to big quake. USA Today, 9 professional resume services online surrey bc, p. Online document: Date of publication.
Title of work. Retrieved month day, year, from full URL Note: When citing Internet sources, refer to the specific website document. If a document is undated, use "n. Break a lengthy URL that goes to another line after a slash or before a period.
Continually check your references to online documents.
There is no period following a URL. If you cannot find some of this information, cite what is available. Devitt, T. Lightning injures four at music festival. The Why? Retrieved January 23,from http: Dove, R. Lady freedom among us.
The Electronic Text Center. If a document is contained within a large and complex website such as that for a university or a government agencyidentify the host organization and the relevant program or department before giving the URL for the document itself. Precede the URL with a colon.
Fredrickson, B. Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Retrieved November 20,from http: Retrieved August 8,from http:
APA stands for the American Psychological Associationwhich is an organization that focuses on psychology. They are responsible for creating this specific citation style. The APA is not associated with this guide, but all of the information here bibliography apa style guidance to using their style.
This citation style is used by many scholars and researchers in the behavioral and social sciences, not just psychology.
There are other citation formats and styles such as MLA and Chicago, but this one is most esay about life in the science fields. Following the same standard bibliography apa style for citations allows readers to understand the types of sources used in a project and also understand their components.