Remember to capitalize just the first word.
Thanks so much! Sorry if this question has already been answered, but what is the case for fictitious books? Would I italicize the title of that book in my essay? If not, how should I format it? Thank you for this. I generally use made up magazine names, tv show titles, etc. And I quite understand using fictitious names and titles. Beth, I always check your blog when I have questions. My question concerns this sentence:.
Should there be single or double quotation marks, italics, or nothing at all around tale of two cities? Thanks, Cassie. If so, you need capital letters and italics. Beth, thanks so much for answering so quickly! I truly appreciate it. Yes, the character is referring to the book title. I guess it could be considered a play on words because he and his significant other are trying to work out their relationship while living in different cities.
In that case, would it still need caps and italics? Does that settle the issue for you? Oh, my goodness, thank you so very, very much! Your explanation is exactly what I was looking for!
You are a treasure for writers!
Thank you, Beth! Which version would you pick for the possessive of a song title in quote marks? And would you use straight or curly quotes to enclose both the title and the possessive? I assume the direction of the apostrophe is simply a function of the blog. But use a thin space if you can. Comma goes inside the ending quote because a title of a work is being referenced, correct?
No commas, I say. Lou, there are a couple of issues and options here. Lou, after more investigation, I realize that I steered you wrong here with some of this information. The article is finally up— replacing commas with question marks. I think it should provide the info you need. With that admittance, I have another question about the following sentence:. But his emptiness was so pervasive, he gave the muse idea serious consideration when he looked at his latest pieces—uninspired, apathetic, lifeless.
My confusion lies in the use of simple past vs an infinitive. Any light you could shed on my addled brain would be greatly appreciated! Thanks, Beth! The first option is more a statement of fact. But his emptiness was so pervasive, he actually gave the muse idea serious consideration as he studied his latest pieces—uninspired, apathetic, lifeless. But his emptiness was so pervasive, he had to give the muse idea serious consideration after he evaluated his latest pieces—uninspired, apathetic, lifeless.
Hi what about names of buildings, but I have made up the names. This is for a building project brochure. These names are used many times throughout the brochure. Italics, quotes? Or quote it once and then every other time just plain caps? Mara, names of buildings require only capital letters, no italics or quotation marks.
None of the top-gun style guide address these. What is the technically correct capitalization rule for each, please? If not, how would you punctuate this exact sentence? A Happy Anniversary to the both of you. Happy Birthday, Michael!
Have a Happy Birthday, Michael! Names of holidays religious and secular are capitalized. The words happy, merry, birthday, and anniversary are not capped in running text although we often capitalize such words in headings. Have a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. But—I hope the new year is a happy one for you. I hope you have a great new year.
No caps here. This is referring to the year, not to the holiday. I guess this calls for a full article. Thanks for the tip. This blog of yours is just unbelievably great! Am I dreaming?? This site is better than the top style guides, and I mean that. Great, great work. You should be very proud!!! Thanks so much for this post, I am currently studying for a Graduate Certificate in Editing and Publishing and found this immensely helpful!
You said in your post that for songs, the CD or album title would be in italics and the song names would be in quotation marks. This makes perfect sense, but would you say the same for an old or traditional folk song? Would you say that the quotations marks are correct here?
Should they be italicised instead? Erin, stay with quotation marks for songs, even folk songs. The punctuation helps to identify the words as song titles in the middle of other text.
Could this work, or is it a no-no? PS This is the greatest reference source available anywhere on the Net or in any bookstore! You are to be commended!
Awesome, awesome, awesome site! But there are already allowances, so why not include this one? I try to provide reasons when I disagree with major reference sources or when a writer has options. So if I were to use PS, is there any punctuation i. PS Keep up the great work!
Keep up the great work! I looked at several sources and found nothing definitive for the punctuation following the PS. A period or a colon should be acceptable. And both options were given as book review essay from the Gregg Reference Manual in one resource I found.
Text, text, text in their answers. Admittedly, those answers may be older, from the days before P. But you should be fine with the period or the colon following PS. Or you could revert to P. For italics ibold bor underline ubracket your text as follows, omitting the space after the first bracket of each pair—. If you had to italicize the place names, as I did here, italicize the word the in names that capitalize the the.
She picked up the envelope marked Jamison that sat on her desk. My latest thought is that Chicago 7. It says that proper nouns used as words are usually set in roman as opposed to words used as words, which are italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. What do you dissertation problem statements on physical assessment Maybe quotation marks if the wording was different, if the sentence included said or write.
Like you, I go back and forth with the options. But dissertation service in malaysia 2014 the rest of the sentence guides the choice. The executive officers never intended to so thoroughly betray their underlings. Melissa, this article and the comments on character thoughts should give you some ideas.
Do italicize the names of specific Disney attractions? A great question, Brianna. I had to do a little checking, but no italics for the attractions or the areas of the park Fantasyland.
Just capitalize the names of the attractions. If you refer to a movie or book title on which a ride is based, be sure to use italics for the movie or book reference. Nicky, definitely capitalize them, both the names of the shows and the names of the episodes. Since you can probably still use quotation marks, use those for the episode titles. You might have to go with only caps for the show titles.
But quotation marks should be acceptable when you have only the show titles. No quotation marks or italics are necessary for either.
Is the scouring of scones a known historical event in your story world or is this wording just a casual way some characters refer to the event? CMOS 16 8. You may simply have to make a decision. But not all big events are capitalized. If the event was written the Great Scone Scourge? You might want to cap that. We do, after all, capitalize the Black Death. Space is at a premium in newspapers, so single quotation marks are a standard practice there.
But either would work and be acceptable. You actually have options here. That is, this sentence would be correct with and without that first comma.
Comma use depends on the intended meaning. I see asking me to take her son as a nonessential phrase. The comma between him and she is necessary, however, to separate the dependent clause from the independent clause that follows it. Your example is closer to examples in CMOS that show run-in quotations section CMOS calls similar constructions a syntactical part of the sentence.
As for the capital letter, CH graduate admissions counselor resume a capital letter in their example.
CMOS says that you can use a lowercase letter if the quotation is truly syntactical. Since there seems to be disagreement between at least two sources, you probably could argue the case for either a capital letter or a lowercase one. But if you usually use CMOS recommendations, you might want to stick to lowercase. As for the quotation marks themselves, since it is a quote, use them. We can use italics for words used as words, so italics is an option.
And I think that argument could be made. Oh, thank you so much! The more I searched, the more confused I became!
You explained it so well, I actually understood your answer! Again, thank you! The name of the app is Think Dirty. I have a question about ellipses in the middle of a sentence like this:. I put on one of those damn hats again, too worried about the drugs she took and who gave them to her. Is an ellipsis the proper punctuation in that example? But should the character, Jesus, be in quotations given this particular name of a fictional cartoon character? I have a question homework help in math games you.
And though the lawyer is the one physically reading it to the niece I want the readers to get a sense of the aunt. Like what they do in movies. When you see someone reading a letter or something from someone and instead of the readers voice, we hear the writers voice? Am i making sense? If I am including segments of newspaper articles or segments of legal documents in my genealogical research writing, do I, or can I, italicize it and set it off in the center of the page for clarity or emphasis?
Can you confirm this on your end? No recasts, please. Thank you for any help. The letter of the law makes for some pretty poor options for a few of these words. And of course, no italics needed with the use of the quotation marks. This is in CMOS 7. CMOS shows no italics for their example, just the plural phrase in quotation marks. Except, of course, if the whole word, the plural version, is in italics. Aside from Chicago, I think these could work they are much clearer.
The standard way to make plurals adding s or es works well. The apostrophe would likely cause too much confusion. I agree with CMOS 7. Hi, Beth. Would this be correct, or should I keep it all in roman? Yet yours seems a straightforward conversation. I suggest simply letting readers know the conversation is talking place by phone and then treat that conversation like regular dialogue. Whether characters are face to face, in different rooms of a house, or talking by phone, if the reader gets to hear everything, this is normal dialogue.
I shivered as icicles of expectation—or was it foreboding? Is the punctuation correct as is, and if I wanted to get rid of the em dashes, could I still use a question in the middle of the sentence? Cassie, the question inside the dashes works well.
But for fiction, stick with the dashes. Hi, thanks for this informative article. I have a question about signs. Specifically, in this sentence: Jared, the Chicago Manual of Style recommends headline style for signs in running text—no quotation marks or italics. So that means capitalize first and last words and almost all words except for conjunctions, prepositions, and articles.
But when the sign text gets long, CMOS suggests quotation marks and no caps. For your example, keep dissertation sur le roman de personnage as is—capitalizing the three words. What a rich resource you have provided us with, Beth Hill! I am having difficulty finding an answer to a essays on human service field question. Foreign language organization names: In the work I am currently editing, writing persuasive essays for high school writer sometimes refers to a Spanish organization name, and often but not always she also provides the English translation or actual English version, when there is one in use.
My tendency is to start with the English and research paper thesis help the Spanish version next to it in brackets, italicised, and, if I only have the Spanish version, to simply italicize it.
Am I on the right track? Many thanks if you can help me! It is confounding because all nouns are names of things. Capitalize proper nouns, not common nouns. So Fido proper noun is capitalized, but dog common noun is not. Titles are covered under proper nouns: Aunt Margaret title of a specific person and proper noun is capitalized, but my aunt common noun is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization.
Not all readers here know all the terms, so I try to provide examples that make sense whether or not someone knows proper terminology. That is what I was trying to stress with my examples. For example:. In witting, when you say, I gave him a look that said, you wanna bet?
Would you use quotations or italicize? Online News Publish. What punctuation are you worried about? Thank you Beth. To have it all collected is very helpful. One small hint: Hi Beth. I read elsewhere in a style guide that quotation mark and italics should never be used together for a title. But I have a dilema.
How should I handle this? Do I supplant one rule in favor of the other? And if so, which one? Thanks for your input. Go with the quotation marks, no italics. Let the quotation marks do the work. An italics question—in fiction, a character picks up a letter and begins to read it, but she is not reading it out loud.
Does the text of the letter go in italics? I was asked to comment on a document which contained this phrase quotation marks deliberately left out for clarity here:. The single quotation marks seem wrong to me. This post was very helpful.
Thanks for the refresher. This post is amazing! What do you think of using all-caps for the words you want to emphasize? Not recommended? My heroine has a split-personality and multiple dialogs with the voice in her head. They are all in italics and quotation marks, resulting in sometimes entire pages in italics. Should I just skip the italics all together and treat those crazy inner conversations as regular dialogs, in roman type?
I hope you still have patience to reply to comments on this 2,5-year-old post. This post is really good. My book starts from a writings of a journal and later it quickly gets to the scene where the writer of that journal is distracted by something.
How do I separate the scene and the words of journal? Is it okay to use italics as a representation writings of that character? Please reply. I have encountered an entire line quoted in foreign words in a written short story that I am trying to proofread.
I would like to know whether the quote must remain as it is, or be Italicized instead? I would greatly appreciate if you d reply. TLH, no comma is necessary when you run a quotation into the sentence this way. So if you use the quotation marks, no comma.
But a single word—and a title, at that—makes the situation different. Or you could rewrite. NaNo Support Page. And plot. And action. Email Address. The reader will focus on what stands out. Write often. Edit wisely. More Reference Books. Subscribe to RSS Feed. Related posts: Heather Day Gilbert says: May 12, at 6: Fiction Editor Beth Hill says: May 13, at 7: May 13, at Roger Carrier says: July 23, at 5: March 1, at 1: March 22, at Rosi Hollinbeck says: May 12, at 7: May 12, at 8: May 12, at 9: May 12, at Alex Hurst says: May 13, at 2: Mira Prabhu says: May 15, at 6: Peter Pollak says: May 14, at 7: May 15, dhl training and development dissertation 7: Kim Penfold says: June 12, at June 15, at 8: February 13, at 4: February 19, at 3: February 19, at 4: February 20, at March 7, at 4: June 19, at 6: June 19, at Beverly FitzGerald says: June 30, at 4: July 1, at 3: Deborah says: August 20, at 9: August 20, at Sue says: October 8, at 8: Corene says: November 2, at 8: Victoria Avilan says: December 25, at December 26, at 9: Tanis says: January 14, at 2: January 14, at 4: January 15, at 7: Katherine says: January 15, at 3: Sarah says: If I upload a word.
Vicky, italics this link— Kindle Formatting. Or this one, Formatting Mistakes. I consider quotation words as dialogue and would therefore use our social service camp essay marks rather than italics.
However, hmm could dissertation used as a thought quotation than as a word spoken sound. In that case it would get italics or simply roman type, depending on how you were titles direct thoughts in your story. First of all, thanks for sharing all your useful information! I have two questions:. Or should it get italics? In gestures that might be communicating in a suggestive titles, is that also written as normal dialogue?
Quotation is the best way to punctuate text that is supposedly read, not said? Also, should a colon precede the remembered quotation, or a comma, or a marks, or something else? She could see the pages of that old book, as if it were in front italics her right now. In a non-fiction work, I as the author explain to my tips the major sections italics the book. Would I use quotations around the title names of those sections when I write about them in titles text?
For instance, assuming the use of a colon titles correct — plays this be the correct way to include this text? And the colon is good as well. Books could do the same titles for chapters—Chapter Five:. Your chapters, marks, quotation parts get quotation marks just as chapters, sections, and parts of italics books would get quotation marks.
For anyone else reading this, my note was a reference to chapter titles of the manuscript, those on the first page of every chapter. Those would not get quotation marks titles the manuscript itself. I have an odd question about the use of quotation marks. This is my third novel in a series Southern fiction. Do I use a quote within a quote?
If someone is speaking and then quoting someone else or naming something that gets quotation marksdissertation quotation marks plays from doubles to singles or in BrE, they can change from singles to doubles. Glenda titles single quotation marks inside her doubles for her examples. Marks example would work either of the quotation you pointed out. Note the space between the single and double quotation marks. If someone using BrE wrote titles same sentence, titles following options would be correct.
Note the comma outside the double quotation mark after dark. Jungle Spirit: Call of the Wild. Roman Tribune. Wolf Cub. Daily Weekly Monthly Tables. Must be 21 or over You must be 21 or over to play on this site.
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It can be confusing to know when you should be using italics and quotation marks in titles. A general rule to go by is that short titles and sections of works, such as a chapter title in a book or an episode of a TV show, use quotation marks, while larger titles or works, such as the name of a book or an album, are italicized.
Italics and quotation marks are generally used to set a composition title dissertation italics quotation writing experts from the text surrounding it.
So, italics and quotation marks make a title stand out. Should you set off a title with italics or should you set it off with quotation marks? Well, there are rules for that. Each of the style guides have their own rules when it comes to formatting dissertation italics quotation marks, although many overlap.